Management Tool: Safety Audit -

Safety Audit is management tool comprising of a systematic, periodic and objective evaluation  of how  well the safety organization, management and equipment are performing with the aim of helps to safeguard a company’s assets by facilitating management control of safety, health and environmental practices and assessing compliance with established standards.

Types Of Audits
1- External : These are conducted by a third party 
 2- Internal : Corporate : By headquarters
  Personnel from other units of the same company.
 3-  Self : In –house – by the plant personnel themselves.
Audits Objectives
1-     Verify compliance with established standards (regulations, internal policies and industry wise standards of practice )
2-     Identify deviation from designed and planned operating and maintenance procedure and standards
3-     Identify plant condition or operating procedures that could lead to an accident and significant losses to life or property
4-     Ensure that the plan and operating and maintenance procedures match the design intent and standards.

Methodology in Conducting a Safety Audits
1- Keep the operating personnel alert to the process hazards
2- Review operating procedures for necessary revisions
3- Seek to identify equipment or process changes that could have introduced new hazards
4- Ultimate application of new technology to existing hazards, Review adequacy of safety inspections
5- Look for major risk situations recommend measures to improve overall safety performance of the plant.

The following activities are carried out in conducting a safety audit and implementing the audit recommendation.
    1- Pre-audit activities
    2- Key on-sites activities
    3- Post-audit activities

Auditor Activities
Internal controls (both management and engineering)
Plant organization and responsibilities
Compliance parameters and other applicable requirements
Any current or past problems
Discussions with management personnel, supervisors and works
Specially designed internal controls questionnaire
Plant visits.

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