Lighting can be an important security measure, but may in fact assist an intruder if used incorrectly.
Ideally a security lighting system should:
· deter intrusion, or at least reduce an intruder's freedom of action;
· assist in the detection of intruders either by direct vision or by Closed Circuit Television;
· conceal guards and patrols.
It is often impossible to achieve all these aims and one or more may have to be maximised at the expense of others.
The guard plan, CCTV and lighting requirement must be carefully co-ordinated taking account of the following rules:
· lighting should not illuminate guards or patrols;
· lighting should support guards and CCTV;
· it should not cause nuisance or hazards;
· it must be cost-effective and compatible with site conditions;
An even level of illumination is more important than absolute light levels.
This prevents dark areas in which intruders can lurk.
This provides a well-lit area in the form of a strip around the perimeter. To be effective an intruder must have to pass through this well-lit area. The lighting column should not be an aid to scaling the fence.
This generally refers to the areas around buildings within the protected area. The aim is to produce even illumination without dense shadows.
This is used to cast a strong light on the walls of buildings so that intruders are visible either in silhouette or by the shadows which they cast. Lights should be mounted up high, out of reach of intruders.
This is used at the perimeter entrance and gatehouse in order to:
· reveal approaching vehicles and pedestrians and allow guards to identify them, verify passes, carry out vehicle searches, and
· Conceal guards within the gatehouse while allowing them to see out.
Topping up lighting
This is used to eliminate dark areas not adequately lit by area lighting or floodlighting. Such areas may be lit locally by small light fittings (eg bulkhead fittings) or from a distance by narrow angle flood lights.