Safety and security have always been indispensable condition for travel and tourism. But it is an incontestable fact that safety and security issues gained a much bigger importance in the last two decades in tourism. Changes in the World during the last two decades were enormous. Due terrorist acts, local wars, natural disasters, epidemics and pandemics, that we were witnesses to, security has significantly decreased. Safety and security issues have been treated as important condition of tourism.
Safety and security issues in travel and tourism came to the front by the evolution of the mass tourism from the beginning of the 1950s. The main reasons determining this evolution process are enumerated hereinafter:
1. Travel and tourism is not any more an activity of a narrow social stratum or class but the whole widening middle class is getting progressively involved into it. This is direct result of the growth of personal incomes and free time in the developed countries.
2. Tourism scope covers more and more countries and regions in the world and not only highly developed countries enabled to generate out-going tourism flows are getting involved in tourism but also countries of the so called third world. For them tourism is part of their economic development strategy.
3. The rapid and scenic development of transport (aviation, automotive industry) contributed to the rise of (geographical) mobility. Due to these reasons the safety and security issues gained a bigger and bigger importance as the tourism itself became one of the largest industries in the world economy.