Physical Security Audit

A physical security audit is designed to help a client to accurately determine the best mix of products and systems to optimally enhance the client’s physical security situation. This audit consists of inspecting the client’s site, premises and existing physical security systems to identify shortfalls, with an eye to finding solutions to remedy vulnerabilities.
Here are the 6 threats to be considered:
Is the client’s facility in an area prone to mega-dangers, such as earthquakes and other natural phenomena? Are recurring weather conditions an issue, such as tornadoes, severe storms, and flooding? If so, the physical security audit will need to take note of these risks, and factor them into its analysis of vulnerabilities and solutions.
How secure is the client’s location? Is it in a quiet suburb, or a high-risk urban crime zone? Is the site itself visible to public view, or full of hidden areas from which intruders can strike? Is the property fenced, or simply a patch of open ground that anyone can cross unchallenged?
Knowing these factors matters: An unfenced property with hidden areas is a natural for full-coverage CCTV cameras, which should be considered during the audit.
Building Condition
The auditor needs to note the location and security of every single door and window on the client’s property. They also need to evaluate just how resistant these openings are to break-ins, including the materials around the windows and doors.
An electronic card access control system and complete IP camera surveillance system is a great idea – but only if the client’s building has the necessary electrical wiring to support the installation. It is thus vital for the physical security auditor to determine how modern the facility’s current infrastructure is, and whether it can support the overlay of modern security equipment without modifications – or not. If not, the auditor has to decide whether the client will be willing to make such upgrades, because this willingness (or a lack of it) will affect the products ultimately selected for them.
Human Resources
The very best physical security solution will be of no use if the client does not have the people to operate it. Even if they do, the system still may not work if the client is unwilling to invest in the necessary training to bring staff up to speed.
The auditor needs to have a sense of the client’s projected budget in mind before they begin their audit. Otherwise, they may find themselves focusing on security shortfalls that are unlikely to be remedied by the client – or to be of any interest to them.
By taking these 6 threats into account before beginning the audit, the auditor will be in the right frame of mind to do the physical security assessment accurately, and in line with physical and economic reality.

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