Runway safety is concerned with reducing harm that could occur on an aircraft runway. Runway Safety embodies a safe flight. It embraces all mattters concerned with the identification and prevention of hazards that might impede the safe take off, taxiing and landing at an aerodrome of all types of aircraft. Runway incursion occurs due to the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. A runway excursion is an event in which an aircraft veers off or overruns the runway surface during either take-off or landing. Runway confusion occurs when pilots enter, take off or land on, the wrong runway.
To avoid runway accidents use:
-Runway stop bars and Safety nets help to prevent imminent or actual hazardous situations from developing into major incidents or even accidents.
-Advanced Surface Movement Guidance Control System, is an air traffic surveillance system enabling aircraft and vehicles on the airport surface to be accurately tracked by air traffic control in all visibility conditions.
-Runway Status Lights (RWSL) provide a visual warning to vehicle drivers and pilots that the runway is not safe to enter.