Voting Station Security

Security considerations are important in both the selection of appropriate voting locations and the layout within voting stations. Effective implementation of security measures at voting stations aids in ensuring the openness, freedom, and integrity of voting. 

Aims of Voting Station Security:-

  • The safety of voters at the voting station;
  • Security of all election materials, and particularly ballot material, while it is at the voting station;
  • Preventing intimidation of voters and voting station officials within and around voting stations;
  • The safety of voting station officials, observers, party or candidate workers, and official visitors at the voting station;
  • Ensuring that voting is conducted in a lawful manner;
  • Ensuring that only authorised persons enter the voting station and any surrounding restricted area;
  • Prevention of, or at least providing an effective response to, any disturbances in or near a voting station, or attempts to disrupt voting.


Security Metal Detectors

There are different types of security detectors, but the most commonly used are the hand held models and walk through models. With the help of a hand held detector, security personnel can physically detect if some person carries a metallic object. From the other side, walk through metal detectors are much quicker, and they alert the security personnel of dangerous objects such as knives or weapons. When the hand held scanner is turned on, transmission usually takes place between the wand and the object that is being inspected. The signal will be interrupted if it detects a metal in the inspected object. In this case, it will produce a sound that will alert the security professional to locate where the metal is hidden.

It is vital that a good level of precautionary measure should be taken considering that most places are security sensitive these days. The security metal detectors are mostly used by security personnel to ensure the safety & security in the airport, the college, the office building or any other areas. The people that are using them can control who enters a specific area and what he/she brings inside it. Metal detectors can deter potential criminals because the criminal will think twice before walking through a security check point, they offer alarm indication, the signal warns of the detection metal object, the indication can be visual and/or auditory and the alarm indication is off until a metal object is detected.


Security Culture

A security culture is considered to be the attitudes and behaviours of employees who collectively maintain, police and cultivate a strong security awareness and action in the protection of business objectives, assists and information. There is a perception throughout many organisations that security is the responsibility of security officer’s and departments. But security culture has to be inherent in the thoughts and actions of all the individuals at every level in an organization. The organisations culture towards security must be encouraged and this is a core responsibility of the organisation and its management.

All organisations are different and therefore security cultures must be designed and nurtured in a fashion that best supports the needs and requirements of the business. Although no security culture will be the same it is important to develop a suitable framework in which to build from and implement. Awareness is the gate to a strong security cultural. Being aware of the importance of security, risks and available safeguards is of crucial importance.


Benefits of Effective Housekeeping

Effective Housekeeping can eliminate workplace hazards and help get a job done safely and properly. Housekeeping is not just cleanliness. It includes keeping work areas neat and orderly; maintaining halls and floors free of slip and trip hazards; and removing of waste materials and other fire hazards from work areas. It also requires paying attention to important details such as the layout of the whole workplace, aisle marking, the adequacy of storage facilities, and maintenance. Good housekeeping is also a basic part of accident and fire prevention. A good housekeeping program plans and manages the orderly storage and movement of materials from point of entry to exit.

Benefits of Effective Housekeeping:-
  • Better control of tools and materials, including inventory and supplies.
  • Reduced property damage by improving preventive maintenance.
  • Fewer tripping and slipping accidents in clutter-free and spill-free work areas.
  • Decreased fire hazards and lower worker exposures to hazardous substances.
  • Reduced handling to ease the flow of materials, more efficient equipment cleanup and maintenance.
  • Improved morale and productivity.


Indian Railway Safety

Safety has been one of the biggest concerns in the Indian Railways system. Railway accidents happen due to several reasons. An incorrect signal, a mistake or an act of negligence by one of its staff directly associated with the running of trains, deficiency in tracks, a rash act by one of the millions of road users, an irresponsible act by a passenger who carries inflammable goods. Majority of the accidents were caused due to derailments. Recently At least thirteen coaches of the Vasco Da Gama-Patna express derailed at Manikpur railway station in Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh on Friday (24 November, 2017) morning. Many people injured in this accident.

Safety Action Plans were continually executed to reduce accidents. Periodical safety audits of different Divisions by multidisciplinary teams of Zonal Railways as well as inter-railway safety audits were conducted on regular basis. A multi-pronged approach with focus on introduction of newer technologies, mechanization of maintenance, early detection of flaws, etc. to reduce human dependence in the first place, along with upgrading the skills of the human resources were the prime drivers for accident prevention. 


Professional Ethics in the Field of Security

Individuals employed in the field of Security Services must maintain a high standard of professionalism and integrity. All security professionals and organisations must operate to the highest ethical values to engender trust in all those they encounter in a professional capacity. This Code of Ethical Conduct sets a standard that security professionals shall adhere to in their working habits and professional relationships. The values on which it is based apply to all situations in which security professionals participate. 
Code of Ethical Conduct requires out that a security professional must operate to the highest ethical standards with all those they encounter in a professional capacity and shall:

  • Act in the interests of the security of society and their client.
  • Perform their duties in accordance with the law at all times.
  • Act and behave at all times with integrity.
  • Be diligent and competent in discharging their professional responsibilities.
  • Protect confidential information gained in the course of their professional activities and not disclose it to any unauthorized party nor use it for personal gain.


Hospitals Security

Hospitals and medical centers face a number of challenges related to ensuring a safe environment for patients, staff, and visitors. Health care facilities must therefore plan and prepare for emergencies of all kinds, including bomb threats, active shooters, hostage situations, infectious disease epidemics, and inclement weather or natural disasters. To keep staff, patients and visitors safe, hospitals use a range of security measures, including the use of CCTV cameras, duress alarms for staff members and electronic access control systems for doorways, also employ security personnel.

Role of Security Personnel in Hospital Security:-
  1. Patrolling the hospital premises and identifying suspicious activity.
  2. In case of fire or bomb threats, taking charge of evacuating the hospital.
  3. An especially important function of Security Officers with respect to hospital staff is their rapid response to security emergencies within the hospital.
  4. To prevent and handle any disturbance or breach in security, so that the hospital functioning can go on smoothly and without any disturbance.
  5. Assist with traffic control by keeping fire lanes, fire hydrants and ambulance entrances free of vehicles.


Tourism Safety and Security

Safety and security are of paramount importance to tourism destinations wishing to maintain a positive tourism experience for travellers. Since tourism deals with movement of people from their homes to various destinations, safety and security of lives and properties of these people have been one of the main concerns of providers of tourist’s products and services. Issue of safety and security is important to the image of a tourist destination and for visitor satisfaction. More than any other economic activity, the success or failure of a tourism destination depends on being able to provide a safe and secure environment for visitors. So planning for tourism safety and security requires consideration of risks originating in four source areas:

  • Human and institutional environment outside the tourism sector.
  • The tourism sector and related commercial sectors.
  • The individual traveller (personal risks).
  • Physical or environmental risks (natural, climatological, epidemiological).


Warehouse Security

Warehouse security is one of the most important aspects of many commercial businesses. Companies all over the world depend on their warehouses to store valuable aspects of their business, and security problems will result in financial losses as well as lower employee morale. That’s why logistics companies and storage facilities must have physical barriers and security deterrents that guard against unauthorized access.

Alarm systems and high definition video surveillance cameras are both essential elements of warehouse security. With the help of a carefully placed security camera, warehouse owners and managers can focus on at-risk areas and minimize the threat of theft. The presence of a warehouse security officer in itself offers security to a location and its property and staff. A warehouse security officer will protect a company’s property and staff by maintaining a safe and secure environment. Whether on a post or through regular patrols, a warehouse security officer represents a live, ready-to-act party on the scene.


Importance of Security Audit

Security measures are of little use if they are not enforced. A security audit assesses how effectively your organization’s security policies are being implemented. Audits will show where gaps and vulnerabilities exist in current systems and procedures. Security audits also play an important role in internal investigations when anomalies are discovered or wrongdoing is suspected. Although there are a million good reasons a physical security audit is important, perhaps the most relevant to all people everywhere, regardless of data or regulations - is bodily safety.

Many times, security is an afterthought that only gets attention after a break-in. Conducting regular security audits can help keep security a priority at all times. In your business, security audits can help understand their role in keeping the building and its contents secure. You can update employee control systems, give or revoke access privileges, and remind everyone of your established security protocol. Whether you’re securing home or business property, security audits can help you catch small problems before they become big security issues.


Personal Safety Tips for Women

The subject of Women’s Security has been on fire these days. It has always been a concern for many people and communities around the world. It becomes apparent when we look at those various incidents taking place around the world, wherein the identity of woman has been misunderstood by a few individuals in the society and an attempt to harm a woman’s social status has been made.

We are sharing some Basic Safety Tips for Women:-
  1. Be Aware of Your Surroundings - Typically known as “situational awareness”, make it a habit to know what’s going on around you. Being proactive to keep yourself safe is your best self-defense move.
  2. Get Off Your Phone - Keep your phone handy to call for help, but don’t be so tied to it that you can’t be aware of what’s going on around you the moments you need to be the most aware. 
  3. Speak Up - Do not be afraid to speak to someone to ask them to not come closer if approaching you. Do not be afraid to yell for help if they don’t stop. Do not be afraid to let your wishes be known that you do not want to be harmed.
  4. Trust Your Instincts - If you feel something weird about a situation, get out of it. If you have a sense of dread about walking into a dark area, don’t – find some light.
  5. Park Safely - While parking, choose spots that are well-lit, amongst other cars, and as close to the main entrances of a building as you can.


Role of CCTV Supervisor

A CCTV Supervisor is an important job-role. He provides protection against threats and risks through surveillance and early warning. As threat and risks to modern living and businesses multiply, the requirement of CCTV surveillance systems and their operators is also increasing. Nowadays, most of the commercial and industrial deployments are equipped with such systems. A CCTV Supervisor needs to know the basics of private security, supervision of security unit operations and spectrum of threats and risks to security and safety. He observes designated premises through CCTV systems; pick up early indications of problems pertaining to security and safety and respond appropriately by alerting various agencies.

In case of any security threat, he must be ready to direct staff members to take appropriate measures to neutralize such threat. He should be well-versed with the private security operations and have basic technical aptitude. He must ensure that accurate records are kept and all actions are logged and data stored to enable reports to be generated for analysis by the Management team.


Lobby security

A lobby is a buffer, a receiving area for people between the public side of the building and the private side. Because the door is the first part of a building that the public can enter, it’s important for businesses to maintain good lobby security. A secure reception area can improve employee safety, protect customer privacy, and even thwart major security breaches. Lobby security has become increasingly important for small- to medium-sized businesses, where high-profile incidents have proven that organizations simply can’t ensure safety and security using paper logs.

Roles and Responsibilities of Security Personnel in Lobby Security:-
  1. Full access control, investigate and prepare reports on accidents, incidents, and suspicious activities.  Maintain written logs as required by the post.
  2. Watch for irregular or unusual conditions that may create security concerns or safety hazards.
  3. Warn violators of rule infractions, such as loitering, smoking or carrying forbidden articles.
  4. Observe departing personnel to protect against theft of company property and ensures that authorized removal of property is conducted within appropriate client requirements.
  5. Foot patrols inside and outside facility.


Goods & Services Tax

Making the biggest change in the four-month-old goods and services tax regime, the GST Council on Friday moved 80 per cent of items in the top 28 per cent tax bracket to lower rates. When GST was rolled out on July 1, more than 250 items were in the highest tax bracket. The top tax rate is now restricted only to luxury and demerit goods like pan masala, aerated water and beverages, cigars and cigarettes. All restaurants will be levied GST at 5 per cent, without input tax credit (ITC) benefits. So, only luxury and sins goods are now only in the highest tax bracket and items of daily use are shifted to 18 per cent.

The government also reduced the levy under composition scheme for traders and industry to 1 per cent of turnover, with further easing for those selling exempted goods. These revisions in rates are expected to reduce prices and increase consumption and thereby bring growth for the consumer products and retail industry," EY India said in a statement. More than the revenue considerations, the move is aimed at cheering consumers and placating traders and small businesses who have been complaining of higher compliance burden.


Security is Priority

Every day, we hear about rise of heist, extortion, hijacking, carjacking, terrorist’s attacks and murder. In recent years need to feel secure at homes, offices, factories or while on the move is being seriously felt. In the home environment, physical attacks are both less likely and more difficult to defend against should you be unlucky enough to be the target of burglary or theft. It is essential that every company, organization, institution has the right level of security to ensure they are free from the threat of danger, damage, theft or crime.

Security Importance has positively resulted into a trend to engage trained security personnel to protect asset and cash. Today our society is more concern and conscious of own security and started engaging trained professionals. Professional Security agencies monitor, maintain or protect people, property, and information, properties (industrial, commercial, public or private) through active deterrence, detection and prevention techniques. Unarmed or armed security personnel help to ease tension before it rips everything apart and that is a very important part of maintaining stability in society. Safety and security are the priorities of security agencies.


Cash-in-transit Security

Cash-in-transit activities involve workers transporting or moving cash in vehicles or by foot. Cash includes money, coins, jewels, bullion, securities and other financial instruments. Transporting cash and valuables needs to be performed within a secure framework.  Every element of the process needs to be tried and tested and continually adapted to meet with changing circumstances. Cash in transit involves professional security personnel transporting cash either on foot or in armoured vehicles. These services are carried out by security professionals, who have undergone specialised training to meet high industry standards.

Responsibilities of Security Personnel during Cash-in-transit activities:-
  1. To drive an armoured car or van and make cash collections in order to deliver them to clients.
  2. Ensure the secure collection as well as delivery of money and other valuables as a crew member or the drive.
  3. Immediately report to the manager any changes or variances taking place in the way that a job is normally handled.
  4. Protect company property from all kinds of threat.
  5. Report criminal activities as soon as possible according to company procedures.
  6. Prepare and furnish security reports and documentations.
  7. Deal with security risks using firearms.
  8. Undertake loading as well as unloading of cash even in unsecured environments.


Security within Banking Sector

Banks face a difficult challenge in the area of security management. With a growing population of internal and external users accessing an increasing number of applications, the need has grown exponentially for banks to develop a new generation of security tools that can help them better comply with regulations, control access to confidential data and limit identity theft. The public wants to be secure when doing business with banks, and their physical security is critical. They also want the assurance that banks have the structures to secure their assets and protect them from misuse erosion or theft and fraud.

Criminals seek out opportunities to commit crimes at facilities that are the easiest targets. The presence of an armed security guard greatly reduces the chances of a robbery ever occurring. Physical Security in Banks ensures that:
  • Staff Members, Cash and properties are protected from crimes perpetrated by external miscreants. 
  • Physical Security Risks are properly identified, assessed, recorded and managed.
  • Safeguards to reduce risks are implemented at an acceptable cost.
  • All legal, regulatory and contractual requirements and standards are met.


Industrial fires

The consequences of a major industrial fire can be catastrophic, potentially impacting on the business ability to survive, workforce safety and employment, the local environment and the surrounding community. Companies involved in the manufacture or distribution of seasonal or fast-turnaround stock run the risk of using every conceivable space for storage without sufficiently considering the implications for the safe evacuation of employees in a fire, or the safety of the emergency services tackling a blaze as a result of blocked access or evacuation routes.

Fires and explosions needlessly kill and injure employees and damage billions of dollars worth of property. Protection from fire ensures that a small containable fire in a trash can does not turn into a catastrophic event which can devastate a business, the lives of workers and a community. Fire could be avoided through preventive maintenance and frequent inspection and testing of equipment and electrical systems; taking proper safety precautions during maintenance operations; and using caution around open flames. A host of factors building design and materials, machinery, wiring, fire suppression systems, emergency response programs, alarm systems, inspection and testing of fire response equipment and systems, chemicals on site, training, housekeeping, end products — can work alone or combine to impact on fire resistance. 


Building Security

It seems certain kinds of buildings are just magnets for vandalism, thefts and burglaries. Gated communities, shopping centers, and large department stores have traditionally been plagued with these crimes. More recently, however, office buildings and small businesses seem to be increasingly targeted for break-ins. This may be because the assumption is made that a smaller office building or any smaller business would not be secure or protected, and criminals may believe it will be easier to “hit and run” without tripping alarms.

Every office building has a unique set of security requirements that deserve a tailored approach. There are basically two ways to provide protection for any business or infrastructure, and that is with technology, as in alarm systems, CCTV, access card system, etc., or with personnel security officers. Security personnel maintain a professional demeanor while creating a secure environment for businesses and their network of employees, clients and visitors. Security officers protect property, enforce laws on the property, deter criminal activity, and deal with other problems. Professional Security is required to maintain healthy working environment and to ensure safety of working people.


Personal Safety and Security

Personal security is an important factor in a person’s life everywhere in the world. This is the protection of individual from both the psychological and physical violence; it ensures the security of human beings without feeling afraid or at risk. Personal security is not just a priority for fragile and conflict-affected contexts, but all settings, whether upper, middle, or lower-income. Personal security reduced crime and invests in violence prevention and reduction. It ensures a secure workplace; this will reduce issues like violence and aggression whether from the employers, the visitors or the public.

Some Personal security tips to keep you safe:-
  • Stay in busy, well lit areas. Do not take shortcuts through low-traffic areas.
  • Use caution when stopping to give strangers information or directions, especially at night.
  • If you suspect you are being followed, change directions, cross the street and go to a busy, well lit area. Report the incident to the police immediately.
  • Be alert as you return to your vehicle. If someone is hanging around – leave. Have your keys ready as you approach. Lock your door and keep your windows rolled up.
  • Walk with confidence. Show that you are aware and in control. Body language works.


Maritime Security

As India moves forward, its development and prosperity will remain closely linked to the maritime domain. Surveillance of maritime domain is absolutely vital for ensuring an appropriate response to any developing situation relating to maritime safety and security. Maritime surveillance is essential for creating maritime awareness. It has an important bearing on a country’s security as seas play a pivotal role in maintaining the power and greatness of a nation. Maritime surveillance can be conducted by surface ships and submarines, by aircraft and other aerial vehicles, and even by satellites.

Strengthening maritime security entails a long-term Maritime Strategy.  A comprehensive maritime strategy encapsulates policy-oriented approaches to traditional and non-traditional maritime issues. India’s maritime security aim is to safeguard national maritime interests at all times. India’s maritime security objectives are:-             
•  To  deter conflict and coercion against India.
• To conduct maritime military operations in a manner that enables early termination of conflict on terms favourable to India.
• To shape a favourable and positive maritime environment, for enhancing net security in India’s areas of maritime interest.
• To protect Indian coastal and offshore assets against attacks and threats emanating from or at sea.
•  To  develop requisite maritime force levels and maintain the capability for meeting India’s maritime security requirements.


Aims of Event Security

With the recent spate of terror attacks around the globe, event security has now become most important part of event planning. Event security is a must have requirement in today’s major event environment. From minor incidents to worldwide terrorist attacks, every event planner is uneasy. Hiring a professional firm to take care of the security requirements for event or function is not only important for the safety and enjoyment of guests, but it can also keep you out of trouble with the law. It ensures the safety of delegates, guests, organizers, property, audience, media people, goods and merchandise.

The aims of event security:
- Ensuring that the event proceeds undisturbed
- Maintaining personal and assets security
- Preventing disturbances and stopping trouble-seekers
- Llocalizing and removing troublemakers
- Denying unauthorized persons access to the venue
- Body-guarding VIPs and other attendees of the event
- Enforcing the rules set by the event organizer


Safety Measures Against Terrorism

Terrorism continues to pose a major threat to international peace and security. It is one of the deadliest acts prevailing in the world. Recently eight people were killed and almost a dozen injured when a terrorist in a rented pickup truck drove down a busy bicycle path near the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City. In addition to the devastating human cost of terrorism, in terms of lives lost or permanently altered, terrorist acts aim to destabilize governments and undermine economic and social development. One act of terrorism can involve activities and actors from numerous countries.

Safety Measures against terrorism include :-   
-Maintain situational awareness of your surroundings at all times. Pay attention to activity happening around you in order to identify anything unusual.
-Do not take news bulletins lightly. Do not step out of the house if you come across news reports of a terror attack in your vicinity.
-Always report suspicious persons or movements within your neighbourhood to the police through available means of communication.
-Be vigilant at public places, which are more vulnerable to bomb attacks. Keep an eye out for unattended packages or bags.
-Draw the attention of the police or other security agencies to vehicles parked or abandoned by suspicious persons.