Transportation and Security

A secure transportation system is critical to overall national security from terrorism. Groups or individuals motivated to terrorize or injure people or the economy may well have transportation facilities as a target or a tool. Most assuredly, they would have a transportation element in an overall plan of terrorism. Thus, securing the transportation system is a critical consideration in overall security planning. The transportation sector is intimately involved in the security of our society and, in many respects, will be a front-line area of focus in enhancing security. The future of transportation will be very much influenced by security considerations. Transportation requires security because it:
  • Is a critical element of the economy.
  • Is a gathering place for groups of people.
  • Has symbolic and emotional importance.
  • Provides a delivery means for people and products of terrorism.
  • Includes institutions with licensing and enforcement.
Public transportation provides a mobility service to the user, as well as producing a wide impact on the system. It should be operated in such a way as to achieve an efficient and effective transportation system. The security class consists of three aspects:
  1. Safety from crime: Staff/police presence; lighting; visible monitoring; layout; identified help points;
  2. Safety from accidents: Presence/visibility of supports; avoidance/visibility of hazards; active safeguarding by staff;
  3. Perceptions of security: Conspicuousness of safety measures; “mastery of network”; press relations.

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